Since the time of the Civil Rights movement the
issue of diversity has been widely discussed in academia.
First it was considered that institutions of
higher education should increase the participation of
minorities of both faculty and students as a matter of
Then came the legal aspect of increasing diversity
when the concept of affirmative action was introduced
in the early 1960s. After President John F. Kennedy
issued an executive order in 1961 that required not to
“discriminate against any employee or applicant for
employment because of race, creed, color, or national
origin" and "take affirmative action to ensure that
applicants are employed, and that employees are treated
during employment, without regard to their race,
creed, color, or national origin.”
Romero, A. 2017. There is proof diversity makes colleges better. The Edwardsville Intelligencer 6 February 2017, p. 3.