The flash flood refers to flood produced by heavy local rainfalls and often occurs in mountainous areas. It is characterized by a quick rise of water level causing a great threat to the lives of those exposed. Many countries and regions face the threat of flash floods. However, some traditional hydrological models can hardly simulate the flash flood process well due to the lack of hydrological data and the insufficient understanding of complicated runoff mechanism in mountainous and hilly areas. According to this condition, a new hydrological model based on the framework of Xinanjiang model, widely used in humid and semi-humid regions in China, is presented to simulate flash flood. The highlight of new model is using the geomorphic unit hydrograph (GUH) method to simulate the overland flow process. This method has clear physical concept and can easily provide unit hydrographs of various time intervals only based on DEM data. This feature makes the method extremely valuable in ungauged catchment. The new presented hydrological model is used in the headwater catchment of Xiapu River basin and the results demonstrate that the computed data generally agrees well with the measured data and it can be treated as a useful tool for flash flood hazard assessment in mountainous catchment.
Zhang, Dawei; Quan, Jin; Wang, Fan; and He, Xiaoyan, "Flash Flood Simulation Using Geomorphic Unit Hydrograph Method: Case Study Of Headwater Catchment Of Xiapu River Basin, China" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.