Model predictive control (MPC) is a powerful tool which is used more and more to managing water systems such as reservoirs over a short-term prediction horizon. However, due to unknown disturbances present in the water system and other uncertainties, there is always a mismatch between the model and the actual system. To overcome this mismatch and achieve offset free control of the water system, the internal model of the MPC is updated by adding the disturbance dynamics of the actual system by means of a disturbance model. In this paper, the conditions to achieve offset free control for an open water reach are provided. A disturbance model is designed and used to achieve offset free control in a test canal assessed from simulation results.
Aydin, Boran Ekin; van Overloop, Peter-Jules; and Tian, Xin, "Offset Free Model Predictive Control Of An Open Water Reach" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.