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Assessment of environmental status and integral safety requires combination of information from many sources, coming from either databases or increasingly via live model (scenario) simulations. Many of these models require input from one another, sometimes unidirectional, but more and more two-directional as well. Many protocols and frameworks are available for model coupling, often based on open standards and implementations. Previous overviews of coupling protocols have focused on data exchange volume, data complexity, invasiveness into existing models and support for specific programming languages. We extend the overview using recent developments in web-based protocols and focus on the suitability for internet-based data exchange. We also extend the focus of previous reviews by also taking the coupling with aggregated information products for end-users into account. We propose a hierarchical ordering of all standards for specific types of end-users.


Session S4-01, Special Session: Metadata for Discovering and Integration of Data and Models



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