The Canadian Groundwater Information Network (GIN) and the US National Ground-Water Monitoring Network (NGWMN) connect data from a variety of sources including states, provinces and federal agencies. Data heterogeneity is a major challenge faced by these networks, one that must be overcome at five distinct levels: systems, syntax, structure, semantics, and pragmatics. This paper discusses approaches taken at each of the five levels to ensure interoperability between the Canadian and American networks. The result is an emerging North American Groundwater Data Network, which enables users to access data transparently and uniformly on either side of the shared border.
Brodaric, Boyan; Booth, Nate; Boisvert, Eric; and Lucido, Jessica, "Levels Of Data Interoperability In The Emerging North American Groundwater Data Network" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.