Investigated the relationship between coping measures, psychological distress, and job-related morale among 67 teachers. Five occupational coping scales were constructed: advice seeking (ASK), positive comparisons (PCs), selective ignoring (SEL), discipline, and direct action (DIR). Multiple regression analyses with controls for social-demographic factors and adversity in the job environment indicated that ASK and DIR were most consistently related to lower (depressive and psychophysiologic) symptom levels and that PCs and DIR were most consistently related to higher morale (job satisfaction and motivation to continue in the profession). SEL appeared to buffer the impact of adverse work environments on symptoms. Findings suggest that teachers who employ identifiable occupational coping behaviors are less likely to experience psychological symptoms and low morale.
Schonfeld, I. S. (1990). Coping with job-related stress: The case of teachers. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 141-149. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00516.x