Provides clinical details in the form of 11 case vignettes from a prospective epidemiological study that found the combination of childhood 'soft' signs and anxious behavior to be a strong risk factor for adolescent emotional disorders. The original study conducted a neuropsychiatric assessment of 180 African-American adolescents (aged 16–18 yrs) who had been followed through childhood. The at-risk Ss exhibited a persistent and specific pattern of both motor abnormalities and anxiety, obsessional compulsive, or depressive symptoms over time. The form of at-risk Ss' neurological and psychiatric abnormalities is consistent with a link between motor system abnormalities and emotional disorders.
Pine, D., Shaffer, D., & Schonfeld, I. S. (1993). Case study: Persistent emotional disorder in children with neurological soft signs. Journal of The American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 1229-1236. doi:10.1097/00004583-199311000-00017