Date of Degree

5-2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Program

Computer Science

Advisor(s)

Nelly Fazio

Subject Categories

Computer Sciences

Keywords

Anonymous Broadcast Encryption; Computer Security; Cryptography; Oblivious Storage; Privacy; Steganography

Abstract

Broadcast Encryption (BE) allows efficient one-to-many secret communication of data over a broadcast channel. In the standard setting of BE, information about receivers is transmitted in the clear together with ciphertexts. This could be a serious violation of recipient privacy since the identities of the users authorized to access the secret content in certain broadcast scenarios are as sensitive as the content itself. Anonymous Broadcast Encryption (AnoBe) prevents this leakage of recipient identities from ciphertexts but at a cost of a linear lower bound (in the number of receivers) on the length of ciphertexts. A linear ciphertext length is a highly undesirable bottleneck in any large-scale broadcast application. In this thesis, we propose a less stringent yet very meaningful notion of anonymity for anonymous broadcast encryption called Outsider-Anonymous Broadcast Encryption (oABE) that allows the creation of ciphertexts that are sublinear in the number of receivers. We construct several oABE schemes with varying security guarantees and levels of efficiency. We also present two very interesting cryptographic applications afforded by the efficiency of our oABE schemes. The first is Broadcast Steganography (BS), the extension of the state of the art setting of point-to-point steganography to the multi-recipient setting. The second is Oblivious Group Storage (OGS), the introduction of fine-grained data access control policies to the setting of multi-client oblivious cloud storage protocols.

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