Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Middle Eastern Studies


Mandana E. Limbert

Simon Davis

Subject Categories

Near Eastern Languages and Societies | Other International and Area Studies | Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies


9/11, backlash, Muslim American


This paper argues that Muslim Americans mobilized against the threat of backlash post-9/11 through the creation of new prayer spaces and maintenance of prayer spaces already in existence before the terrorist attacks. I suggest that the successful mobilization of prayer spaces continues to provide a mechanism of support and unity against backlash for Muslim Americans in New York City since the events of September 11, 2001. I also explore how ineffective mobilization efforts, such as demonstrated by the Park51 project, fail to protect the Muslim American community against backlash.



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