Date of Degree

2-2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Program

Political Science

Advisor(s)

Stephanie Golob

Committee Members

Kenneth Erickson

Yan Sun

Subject Categories

Comparative Politics | International Relations

Keywords

democratization, Internet, party politics, East Asia, Latin America

Abstract

The dynamics between social movements and political parties are shifting in the 21st century. Due to the emergence of information communication technologies (ICTs), political parties are facing increased pressure to use ICTs to co-exist, complement, and nurture social movements and empowered civic communities (Nahon, 2015). However, this shift is not ahistorical and technologically deterministic. Rather, the shifting relationship between social movements and political parties is one that can be shaped by a variety of demographic and socio-economic factors as well as preexisting cultures of resistance, activism, and electoral campaigning. This research examines potential patterns and casual mechanisms which can help explain how ICTs enable new political opportunities which can shift relations between movements and political parties in emerging democracies. Specifically, the case studies reveal that history matters and that contextual factors such as successive student movements and a country’s human development, particularly education, can help us understand the changing relationship between social movements and political parties.

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