Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Liberal Studies


Marie Marianetti

Subject Categories

Comparative Philosophy | Continental Philosophy | Ethics and Political Philosophy | History of Philosophy


Philosophy, Rome, Greece, History, Ancient, Hellenic


The Roman conquest of the Greek city-states and the appropriation of many aspects of its culture, especially architecture and art, is well known. But what of the many great philosophies that began in the various city-states of Ancient Greece? This piece is made in attempt to answer this question. The scope of these sources will start with the beginning of the Western Philosophical Tradition, with Thales of Miletus and the Milesian, all the way up to, but not including, the foundation of the Christian Philosophical Tradition. After the year 146 BC if a philosopher is born in a Greek-City state, they are to be considered Roman due to their induction into the Roman civilization. To this end, this text will be using translated original philosophical pieces, biographical articles and pieces, relevant historical data, and collected overviews of philosophical schools as sources. Using these sources the philosophies of Ancient Greece will each be described and have a representative appointed or each of them. Following this, the same procedure will be undertaken for the philosophies of Ancient Rome. After the outlining of these philosophies they will then be brought into comparison with one another, trying to track the lineage of a philosophy if possible, or even pairing up possibly unrelated philosophies that share distinct similarities. It is then that the philosophies will be compared and contrasted, their differences and similarities brought into light and reflected on before a final conclusion as to what Ancient Rome really adopted from Ancient Greece is drawn.