Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 11-20-2019


These are public comments submitted by National Center for the Study of Collective Bargaining in Higher Education and the Professions, Hunter College, City University of New York in response to a proposed NLRB rule that would exclude student employees from coverage under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). The comments include information and data showing that the proposed rule would exclude from NLRA coverage 81,390 graduate assistants working at 518 private institutions in occupations that other federal agencies treat as distinct from the classification of graduate student. The comments also present a half-century of history and legal precedent concerning collective bargaining by graduate assistants and other student employees under state constitutions and collective bargaining laws in 14 states and in Canadian provinces. The authors analyze the bargaining unit composition and terms of 42 current collective bargaining agreements in the higher education industry involving graduate and undergraduate student employees. The most common contract provisions (100%) address wages and grievance-arbitration procedures. The next most common provisions are non-discrimination, and terms of appointment clauses, which are found in 41 agreements (97.62%), followed by management rights and union security provisions contained in 40 agreements (95.24%). Over 90% of the 42 agreements address health care benefits (39), health and safety (38), union access (38), and no-strike clauses are included in over three-quarters of the agreements (32). More than 80% of the contracts have provisions concerning employee leave (37), workload (35), and workplace discipline (35). Academic freedom is specifically addressed in over 30% of the agreements, and intellectual property is a negotiated topic in over a quarter of the contracts. Retirement is a subject in 19% of the contracts. The authors urge the NLRB to closely examine the submitted data, empirical evidence, and precedent. The primary evidence should be the negotiated terms in the current collective bargaining agreements, the experiences of administrators and labor representatives who have bargained and administered those contracts, and the half-century of experience with collective bargaining concerning graduate assistants and other student employees.


Proposed rule is entitled 'Nonemployee Status of University and College Students Working in Connection with their Studies' and is available from via this link.



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