Julius Motal

Graduation Date


Subject Concentration


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


My project takes a balanced look at the position Recep Tayyip Erdoğan occupies as Turkey's first democratically elected president. Having served three terms as Prime Minister from 2003 to 2014, Erdoğan sought to continue his hold on Turkish politics and society by introducing popular elections for the presidency, which was largely a ceremonial position appointed by the Prime Minister. Erdoğan cruised to victory with approximately 52% of the vote, and while that was nearly guaranteed, the first months of his presidency were fraught with challenges, namely the limited powers of his new office and the ongoing crisis in the Syrian border town of Kobani.



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