Graduation Date

Fall 12-13-2020

Grading Professor

Jarrett Murphy

Subject Concentration

Urban Reporting

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Over 1,500 students were restrained by school safety agents/members of the NYPD from the first quarter of 2019 through the first quarter of 2020, according to data released by the agency. On average for the analyzed year, 89% of those restraints were of non-white children.

Child-in-crisis incidents, during which a child is experiencing signs of emotional distress, made up 386 of reported incidents. Out of 386 cases, 360 of the students restrained were non-white. Advocates in New York City are calling for changes to be made to school safety as the NYPD disproportionately restrains students of color and creates a negative environment in schools. The city has changed laws and rules regarding school safety over time, but the data shows these changes have not resulted in much change.

Link to capstone:

PHOTO_DeRosa_Christine_1.jpg (154 kB)
Graph depicting race and how often students of that race are restrained.

PHOTO_DeRosa_Christine_2.jpg (196 kB)
Graph depicting which schools across the city have the most child-in-crisis incidents.

PHOTO_DeRosa_Christine_3.jpg (149 kB)
Crisis and restraint in city schools by demographics.

PHOTO_DeRosa_Christine_4.jpg (66 kB)
A timeline focusing on key dates of school safety in public schools in NYC.



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