Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Academic Program Adviser
This study explored using no-reward markers (NRMs). Dogs were taught a novel trick. In the IG group dogs’ errors were ignored; in the NRM group they elicited a tone. Performance and stress were evaluated. IG dogs reached higher levels of performance, with no difference in the frequency of stress behaviors.
Rotenberg, Naomi, "Training a New Trick Using No-Reward Markers: Effects on Dogs’ Performance and Stress Behaviors" (2015). CUNY Academic Works.