Date of Award

Spring 5-2-2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Marlene Hennessy

Second Advisor

Amy Moorman Robbins

Academic Program Adviser

Janet Neary


In twelfth- and thirteenth-century Europe, the creation and rise of Purgatory had a tremendous religious, economic, and social impact; but as it spread throughout Christendom, the phenomenon of paid indulgences did too. By analyzing the vision literature of this period, an understanding of Purgatory’s monetization is ultimately arrived at.



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