Date of Award

Winter 12-1-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Criminal Justice



First Advisor or Mentor

Candace McCoy

Second Reader

Valerie West


This study investigates the impact of New York’s 2020 Bail Reforms on racial and ethnic disparities in pretrial outcomes for New York State. 2019, 2020, and 2021 arraignment data from the Office of Court Administration Pretrial Release Datasets are used to determine whether racial and ethnic disparities for White Non Hispanic, Black Non Hispanic, Hispanic, and other race defendants narrowed after the implementation of the new law. The results from descriptive analysis, binary logistic regressions, and ANOVA tests suggest that racial-ethnic disparities have not abated, even though the proportion of defendants required to pay cash bail has sharply declined among all racial and ethnic groups. Black defendants were most disadvantaged in the likelihood of bail being set post reform, while both Latino and Black defendants had significantly higher mean bail amounts compared to White defendants. This study concludes that although reforms did not rectify racial and ethnic disparities in any meaningful way, reducing the number of people subject to money bail still benefited people of color overall.

Included in

Legal Studies Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.