Date of Award

Spring 6-2018

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department/Program

Forensic Psychology

Language

English

First Advisor

Charles Stone

Second Reader

Sean Murphy

Third Advisor

Jennifer Dysart

Abstract

Rates of internalized false confessions has become increasingly salient through the use of DNA evidence in exonerating those who have been wrongfully convicted. False confessions also carry heavy legal consequences, and internalized false confessions (Appleby & Kassin, 2016; Kassin & Neumann, 1997; Kassin & Wrightsman, 1980), where the individual actually believes they committed a crime, may be especially damning (Kassin S., 2007). The presentation of false evidence has been found to be extremely influential in eliciting a false confession (Horselenberg, Merckelbach, & Josephs, 2003; Kassin & Kiechel, 1996; Nash & Wade, 2009), as well as imagery (Garry, Manning, Loftus, & Sherman, 1996; Garry & Wade, 2005; Nash, Wade, & Lindsay, 2009; Shaw & Porter, 2015), but they have not been directly compared in previous literature. This was an exploratory study replicating the gambling paradigm created by Nash and Wade (2008), aimed at examining and directly comparing the effects of different forms of false evidence (i.e., shown-doctored video footage, told-doctored video footage, shown-eyewitness, told-eyewitness) and imagery, and their rates in eliciting false confessions. Participants were accused of stealing money from the study and cheating during a gambling task, and rates of confession, internalization, and confabulation were analyzed through Fisher’s exact p – values.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.