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Chitto Harjo (1846-1912) was a leader of the Crazy Snakes, a traditionalist faction of the Creek Indians. He opposed federal incursions on reservation land, Indian lifestyles and governance structures; and fought against Allotment (individual distribution) of communal tribal lands and the loss of Creek sovereignty.


Munch, Janet Butler. “Chitto Harjo.” Vol. 1. In Encyclopedia of Native American History, edited by Peter C. Mancall, 296-297. New York, NY: Facts On File, 2011.



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