We study a magnetic molecule that exhibits spin tunneling and is free to rotate about its anisotropy axis. Exact low-energy eigenstates of the molecule that are superpositions of spin and rotational states are obtained. We show that parameter α=2(ℏS)2/(IΔ) determines the ground state of the molecule. Here ℏS is the spin, I is the moment of inertia, and Δ is the tunnel splitting. The magnetic moment of the molecule is zero at α<αc=[1−1/(2S)2]−1 and non-zero at α>αc. At α→∞ the spin of the molecule localizes in one of the directions along the anisotropy axis.
Chudnovsky, Eugene M. and Garanin, Dmitry A., "Rotational States of Magnetic Molecules" (2010). CUNY Academic Works.