Book Chapter or Section
On November 6, 2000, President Bill Clinton signed his final executive order on
Consultation and Coordination with Tribal Governments. It was his last attempt to establish meaningful consultation processes with American Indians in the development of federal environmental policies. Based on ongoing environmental issues between the two cultures and the rising concern for environmental justice, the United States government wanted to identify the necessary improvements in communication and coordination among tribal and federal environmental programs, specifically regarding issues of information exchange, and creating partnerships among stakeholders. An analysis of the executive order, and a case study of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency indicate that the lack of a viable cultural approach to tribal-governmental discussion undermines the intent of the order. As a result, Executive Order 13175 remains a flawed model for collaboration on environmental policy-making.