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An overview of how friendship has been represented and assessed in the Confucian tradition, and particularly in classical Confucian texts such as the Analects and the Mencius. Themes covered include the relationship between the family and friendship, the ambivalence towards friendship in imperial China, and the connection between friendship and the Confucian ideal of personal cultivation. The chapter finishes by exploring novel conceptions of friendship and human relatedness suggested by the Confucian tradition.


Published in:

Jeske, D. (Ed.). (2022). The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Friendship (1st ed.). Routledge: pp. 11-23.



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