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Though Black and Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM) are at an increased risk for HIV, few HIV risk reduction interventions that target HIV-positive MSM, and even fewer that use technology, have been designed to target these groups. Despite similar rates of social media and technology use across racial/ethnic groups, online engagement of minority MSM for HIV prevention efforts is low. Since minority MSM tend to have less representation in online HIV prevention studies, the goals of this online anonymous study of HIV-positive gay-identified men were to test the feasibility of conducting targeted recruitment by race/ethnicity and sexual orientation, to assess technology and social media use,and to assess global HIV transmission risk. In 2011,an anonymous online survey was conducted among 463 members of an HIV-positive personals website. Emails were sent to a subset of HIV-positive male members who self- identified as gay. While 57% were White, substantial proportions of participants were Black (20%) or Hispanic (18 %). Median age was 46 (range 18–79). Men who reported using 3 or more websites or apps to meet sex partners were significantly more likely to report anal intercourse (AOR 4.43, p\.001) and condomless anal sex (CAS) (AOR 2.70, p\.05) in the past 3 months. The only predictor of CAS with HIV-negative or unknown status partners was being under age 30 (AOR3.38, p\ .01). This study helped to inform online targeted recruitment techniques, access to technology and social media use, and sexual risk among a diverse sample of HIV-positive gay men. Efficacy trials of technology-based HIV prevention interventions targeting high-risk minority HIV-positive MSM are warranted.


This article originally appeared in Archives of Sexual Behavior, DOI: 10.1007/s10508-015-0513-5.



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