At the NWSA Convention, I facilitated a consciousness-raising group in antiracism for white working-class women. It was difficult, painful work but a rewarding and inspiring experience. I went to the Convention with several positive expectations based upon my objectives, as well as negative anticipations based upon groundless fears about the as-yet unformed group.
The expectations were clear and straightforward—easy for me, as a teacher, to carry out. They fell neatly into three categories: developing a trusting, supportive atmosphere; assisting people to validate their whiteness, thus diminishing feelings of guilt; and developing strategies for interrupting racism.