Date of Degree

10-2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Program

Mathematics

Advisor(s)

Joseph Malkevitch

Subject Categories

Mathematics

Keywords

Eberhard, Polyiamond, triangle

Abstract

Polyiamonds are plane geometric figures constructed by pasting together equilateral triangles edge-to-edge. It is shown that a diophantine equation involving vertices of degrees 2, 3, 5 and 6 holds for all polyiamonds; then an Eberhard-type theorem is proved, showing that any four-tuple of non-negative integers that satisfies the diophantine equation can be realized geometrically by a polyiamond. Further combinatorial and graph-theoretic aspects of polyiamonds are discussed, including a characterization of those polyiamonds that are three-connected and so three-polytopal, a result on Hamiltonicity, and constructions that use minimal numbers of triangles in realizing four-vectors.

Included in

Mathematics Commons

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