In this essay from the collection, Seepersad and Sons: Naipaulian Synergies, Kevin Frank argues that coming from a creolized society, unlike their father, Seepersad, V.S. and Shiva Naipaul's representations of "race" and ethnicity in their works is cynical, favoring one side in the Indo- and Afro-Caribbean racial antagonism, mainly because of their anxiety about "Black Power."
Frank, Kevin, "Muddling the Middle: Cynical Representations of Ethnic Relations in V.S. and Shiva Naipaul" (2019). CUNY Academic Works.