Despite very few – but very vocal – opponents, there is a general consensus that current climate change is occurring mostly as a consequence of human activities. Climate change is having, and will continue to have, serious consequences not only for the planet in general, but on human life in particular. It will lead to a disruption in food production, an increase in epidemics, climatic catastrophes will include droughts, floods,changes in the sea level, rapid and violent swings in weather patterns, costly infrastructure damages, etc.
Because these effects represent a clear and present danger to humans, on April 2016, 195 countries, including the U.S., signed the “Paris Agreement” aimed at reducing the human-related activities that generate these climatic changes. The long-term goal was to keep the increase in global average temperatures to well below 2 degrees Celsius above those of the pre-industrial age.