The following case draws upon two views of accountability. One is democratic accountability the other is accountability to one's own moral conscience. As the story unfolds, other facts may get in the way but these central views should not be forgotten. The focus of this case is on the individual. However, the material also covers institutional decisions and policies that deserve considering. The institutional story is the background, not the foreground, of this case. Yet, when the institutional features are considered, they may give new insight to the individuals' decisions.
Ryan, S., & Williams, D. W. (2007). The New York Police Officer: Democratic and Moral Accountability In Conflict. In D. W. Williams & R. Schwartz (Eds.), Accountability Cases: American Society for Public Administration