Drainage network are complex systems composed by several processes including recollection, transport, storing, wastewater and/or rain treatment, and return of the water to a receiving environment. Urban drainage systems (UDS) involve most of these processes inside cities and can be either separate or combined systems, depending on how wastewater and rainwater are managed. The way UDS manage the wastewater is through the convenient handling of active elements such as gates (redirection and/or retention), storing tanks and pumping stations, when needed. Therefore, the modeling and control of UDS basically consists in knowing and representing the (dynamical) behavior of those elements and manage them properly in order to achieve a given set of control objectives, such as minimization of flooding in streets or maximization of treated wastewater in the system. Given the large number of elements composing a UDS and the interaction between them, management and control strategies may depend on highly complex system models, what implies the explicit difficulty for designing real-time control strategies. This paper makes a review on the huge world of models used to describe, simulate, and control UDS. Moreover, a revision of the techniques and strategies commonly used for the control of these systems is also presented and discussed. Mechanisms that ensure the correct operation of the UDS under presence of failures or communication flaws in the system are considered as well.
Garcia Gutierrez, Luis Antonio; Escobar, Eduardo; Téllez, Duvan; Barreiro Gómez, Julian; Quijano Silva, Nicanor; and Ocampo-Martinez, Carlos, "On The Modeling And Real-Time Control Of Urban Drainage Systems: A Survey" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.