Dissertations and Theses

Date of Award


Document Type



International Relations

First Advisor



Civil, Conflict, Africa


It has been a long journey for this thesis accomplishment and now finally it is accomplished. First and foremost I thank God for my mother, Seskhutshwe, who has always wanted her children to accomplish through education. It would not have been possible of course without my dad, Judge and my little sister Ikey. My 9 year old daughter, I also thank her for always making sure she did not disturb me whenever I had to concentrate on this project. Above all, I wish to express my gratitude to my exceedingly patient Professor and supervisor, Jacqueline Braveboy. I have probably been one of the laziest of them all. But I thank her for the patience.

I remain grateful to the City University of New York, City College, for extending this opportunity to me.

God remains great.



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