Dissertations and Theses

Date of Award


Document Type



International Relations

First Advisor

Jacques Fomerand

Second Advisor

Jean Krasno


Protection of Civilians, UN DPO, training, community engagement, Troop-Contributing Countries, mental health


The present study shows that the protection of civilians (POC) tasks implemented in multiple United Nations (UN) peace operations have not always been executed as intended and, as a result, are accompanied by a number of dysfunctions. Among these dysfunctions are inadequate community engagement, peacekeeper misconduct stemming from the lack of proper training mechanisms, and lack of resources. In consideration of these issues, UN peace operations would profoundly benefit from enhancements offering plausible and beneficial change to the field. Such changes involve the responsibility of the UN, the responsibility of national actors, field implementations, and the psychological well-being of peacekeepers. More importantly, peace operations training needs to be properly implemented and completed to mitigate under-preparedness. This analysis relies primarily on scholarly articles, UN documents, and news reports. It is supplemented by interviews with present and former UN peace operations personnel and other relevant UN staff members posted in the field and at headquarters that offer a firsthand account on the subject area.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.