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This report examines changing college graduate rates between 1990 and 2020 among all Latinos in New York City and within the five largest population nationalities in 2020: Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans, Ecuadorians, and Colombians.


All data in this report were derived from the 1990 and 2020 American Community Survey 5-year survey samples found at IPUMS USA found at See Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Megan Schouweiler and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 12.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2022. College graduation rates were calculated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the population 25 years of age and older and in this study include all people achieving a B.A. degree or higher educational attainment level.


Latinos living in New York City in 2020 who had achieved a B.A. degree or higher earned median household incomes of $107,721 compared with high school graduates whose median household incomes stood at $61,879. There were important differences in college graduation rates among the City’s Latino population by sex, nativity, and nationality. Latinas of every nationality were the highest achievers, and this was especially the case if they were born in the United States. There was a very clear hierarchy in college-degree educational attainment when the five largest Latino nationalities are examined, among both women and men. Colombian, Ecuadorian, and Mexican women born in the U.S. had college graduation rates well above 40%, while among Dominican women born in the U.S. about one-third had graduated college. Puerto Rican women born in the U.S. had the lowest college graduation rates at 23%. Although there are no data available it is very likely that New York City Latino populations who had achieved a B.A. degree or higher studied at various CUNY campuses. Among all undergraduates enrolled in all CUNY campuses 31% were of Hispanic origin in the Fall 2019 semester.


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Citation information: Bergad, Laird W. (2022). Changing College Graduation Rates Among New York City’s Latino Populations 1990 - 2020. New York, NY: Center for Latin American, Caribbean and Latino Studies at the CUNY Graduate Center.



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