Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 12-9-2022


Introduction: This report examines the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of new immigrants that arrived between 2010 and 2019 in New York City. It focuses on the characteristics and shifting dynamics of these newcomers in three time periods: 2010-2012, 2013-2015, and 2016-2019.

Methods: This report uses the American Community Survey PUMS (Public Use Microdata Series) data for all years released by the Census Bureau and reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa, ( See Public Use Microdata Series Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Matthew B. Schroeder, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 5.0 [Machine-readable database]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2020. Census tract data depicted in maps were derived from Steven Manson, Jonathan Schroeder, David Van Riper, Tracy Kugler, and Steven Ruggles. IPUMS National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 15.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS.

Discussion: Between 2010 and 2019, Latinos were the largest race and ethnic group among new immigrants in New York City. The number of Latino new immigrants has been increasing smoothly during the first half of the decade until the abrupt decline in 2017. Among the five largest Latino nationalities in the city, Dominicans accounted for nearly half of new Latino immigrants but this proportion started decreasing in later years down to 42.6%. Ecuadorians and Colombians witnessed a slight increase (from 10.2% to 11.2% and 3.1% to 4.0% respectively), and Puerto Ricans almost doubled their share in the late 2010s (from 4.5% to 7.9%). Regarding educational attainment, new Latino immigrants had the highest proportion of high school graduates and the lowest share of population with at least a bachelor’s degree. Colombians had the largest share of new immigrants with college degrees or higher—more than half of Colombians who arrived between 2016 and 2019 were at least college graduates. Dominicans and Mexicans had an average of less than one fifth of college graduates among new immigrants in the 2010s. Nearly one fifth of Latino new immigrants were living in poverty status, which was the highest share among all race/ethnic groups. Puerto Ricans had an extremely high poverty rate, especially among those arriving after 2013.


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Citation information: Pan, Qiyao (2022). The Demographic and Socioeconomic Patterns of New Latino Immigrants in New York City in the 2010s. New York, NY: Center for Latin American, Caribbean and Latino Studies at the CUNY Graduate Center.



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