Introduction: This report examines demographic and socioeconomic factors concerning New York City based Latinos in 2006.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: New York City’s Latino population increased by 2.6% between 2005 and 2006. The 2006 data underscore the significant transformations that have been occurring within the Latino population of New York City since the end of large-scale Puerto Rican migration in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Dominicans arrived in increasing numbers from 1980 onward and are poised to become the City’s largest Latino nationality within the next 10 years as the Puerto Rican population continues to decline. While migration from the Dominican Republic slowed after 2000 there is evidence of a possible renewed migratory flow to the city since the number of foreign-born Dominicans rose significantly from 2005 to 2006. Among Dominicans there has been a shift away from the previous matrix of Dominican settlement in Washington Heights toward the Bronx where the majority of Dominicans now reside.
Discussion: The City’s Mexican population continues its extraordinary expansion both because of high fertility rates and the arrival of large numbers of foreign-born Mexicans. If these trends continue into the future Mexicans will become the largest of the Latino sub-groups within the next two decades. Ecuadorians continue to increase in significant numbers but the role of migration in the expansion of the City’s Ecuadorian population has slowed considerably as the foreign-born account for a, significant, yet continually decreasing portion of population growth. For the first time since the arrival of large numbers of Colombians in the 1980s, the Colombian population of the city declined between 2005 and 2006. It is clear that migration from Colombia has slowed to near insignificance statistically, and that the Colombian-origin population of the city in the future will be increasingly composed of domestic-born Colombians.