Introduction: This report examines demographic and socioeconomic factors concerning New York City based Latinos in 2008.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: There were over 2.3 million Latinos living in New York City in 2008 an increase of 5% from 2000. Latinos were 28% of the City’s total population in 2008 and accounted for 52% of the population of the Bronx, 27% of Queens, 25% of Manhattan, 20% of Brooklyn, and 15% of Staten Island. Some 31% of all City Latinos lived in the Bronx, 27% in Queens, 22% in Brooklyn, 18% in Manhattan, and 3% in Staten Island. Puerto Ricans continue to be the largest Latino national sub-group at one-third of all Latinos, although their absolute numbers and relative percentage of all Latinos has declined since 2000. Dominicans are the second largest Latino nationality having increased by 5.5% since 2000 and they comprise 26% of all New York City Latinos. Mexicans made up about 12% of the City’s Latinos in 2008 and they continue to be the most rapidly growing sector of the Latino population having increased by 60% since 2000.
Discussion: Latinos have more households living in poverty and earning less than $20,000 yearly than the City’s other race/ethnic groups, although over 20% of all Latino households earned more than $75,000. About three-quarters of the City’s Latinos were citizens of the U.S. because of birth (58%) or naturalization (16%). Latinos comprised 23% of the total potential electorate in the City in 2008, that is citizens 18 years of age and older. In the Bronx 46% of potential voters were Latinos followed by Queens (20%), Manhattan (20%), Brooklyn (17%), and Staten Island (12%).