Introduction: This report examines demographic and socioeconomic factors concerning the Latino population of New York City in 2009.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: The City’s Latino population continued its steady increase from 1.7 million people and 24% of the total population in 1990 to nearly 2.4 million and 28% of all New Yorkers in 2009. Within the Latino population Puerto Ricans declined in absolute and relative terms from 49% of all Latinos in 1990 to 33% in 2009. Over the same period Dominicans increased from 20% to 25% of all Latinos and are poised to surpass Puerto Ricans in absolute terms within the next decade. Mexicans were the fastest growing Latino national subgroup and increased from 3% to 14% of the City’s Hispanic population between 1990 and 2009. Bilingualism was an integral part of Latino culture in the City as 75% of all Latinos reported good English language skills in 2009 but 84% reported speaking Spanish at home.
Discussion: There were extraordinary differences in the sex ratios of Latino nationalities in New York City. There were 157 Mexican men for every 100 women in 2009 and 115 Ecuadorian men for every 100 women in the same year. In every other group females were dominant: For Puerto Ricans there were 100 women for every 77 men; 100 women for every 74 male Dominicans; and 100 female Colombians for every 82 males in 2009. These data suggest overwhelming female migration for Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, and Colombians while males dominated migratory flows for Mexicans and Ecuadorians.