Introduction: This report examines the Mexican population of New York City in 2007.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: The Mexican-origin population of New York City continued its extraordinary growth between 2005 and 2007 increasing by just over 27%, from 227,842 to 289,755 persons according to American Community Survey data for 2007 released by the U.S. Census Bureau. From 2000, the Mexican population the City has risen by an extraordinary 57.7%. Mexican population expansion was fueled by continuing large-scale migration to New York City as well as extraordinarily high birth-rates among Mexican women already resident in the City.
Discussion: The New York Mexican-origin community had the poorest developed English-language abilities of any of the Latino nationalities in 2007, as would be expected within a population heavily comprised of foreign-born migrants who arrived fairly recently. About 44% of the Mexican population 5 years of age and older reported not speaking English well or not at all. This compares to 38% of Ecuadorians; 32% of Dominicans; 27% of Colombians; 24% of Cubans; and 12% of Puerto Ricans. (See Figure 8). It may be anticipated that this will change as more Mexicans are born in the U.S. and the foreign-born gradually acquire better English language skills. A correlation between better English language abilities and higher median incomes has been fairly well established.