Introduction: This report provides and in-depth demographic profile of Latinos in 2007 New York City.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: New York City’s Latino population increased by 2.5% between 2006 and 2007. Puerto Ricans remained the largest national group among all Latinos (778,628) and 33.3% of the total Hispanic population of the City, an increase of .9% since 2006. Even though marginal, this is the first increase noted among the City’s Puerto Rican population since the 1980s. Even though Dominicans decreased by 1.3% from 2006, and this is the first time since the 1980s this has occurred, they continued as New York’s second largest national group (602,093) and 25.8% of all Latinos. Mexicans continued to be the fastest growing of the Latino nationalities increasing by a remarkable 9.8% between 2006 and 2007.
Discussion: The 2007 data underscore the significant transformations that have been occurring within the Latino population of New York City since the end of large-scale Puerto Rican migration in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Dominicans arrived in increasing numbers from 1980 onward and are poised to become the City’s largest Latino nationality within the next 12 years as the Puerto Rican population continues to decline. The City’s Mexican population continues its extraordinary expansion both because of high fertility rates and the arrival of large numbers of foreign-born Mexicans. If these trends continue into the future Mexicans will become the largest of the Latino sub-groups within the next two decades.