Introduction: This report analyzes demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among the five largest Latino nationality groups during 1990-2008 in the NYC Community District 4 of the borough of the Bronx, which comprises the neighborhoods of High Bridge, Concourse and Mount Eden.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: Dominicans are the largest Latino subgroup in the Bronx’s Community District 4, accounting for over 30% of the total population and 44% of the Latino population in the district in 2008. Latinos in the Bronx’s Community District 4, as a group, tend to be younger than most racial/ ethnic groups. Among the major racial/ethnic groups, Latinos have the lowest homeownership rate in the district. The annual median family and household incomes of the majority of the residents in the Bronx’s Community District 4 have not risen significantly since 1990 in real terms, or in inflation-adjusted dollars. Among Latinos, there were not major differences in median incomes among the major national groups. Educational attainment levels differed significantly among the major racial/ethnic groups, with non-Hispanic blacks achieving significantly higher educational attainment levels over Latinos, which had the lowest percentage of individuals with a Bachelor’s or higher degree. Among Latinos, Dominicans had the highest percentage of people 25 years and older who had a B.A. or higher degree. The percentage of foreign-born Latinos in the Bronx’s Community District 4 has risen since 1990, suggesting an increase in immigration The percentage of Latinos age 18 and older who are foreign-born naturalized citizens has increased since 1990. Among Latinos, Ecuadorians had the largest percentage of foreign-born naturalized citizens, while Mexicans had the lowest percentage of foreign-born naturalized citizens.
Discussion: Bronx-based stakeholders and advocacy groups may find this report valuable when attempting to identify key trends and obstacles facing Latinos in these communities and better allocate time and resources.