Introduction: This report analyzes demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among the five largest Latino nationality groups during 1990-2009 in the NYC Community District 5 of the borough of the Bronx, which comprises the neighborhoods of Fordham, University Heights, Morris Heights and Mount Hope.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: Dominicans are the largest Latino subgroup in the Bronx’s Community District 5, accounting for a proximately 35% of the total population and 52% of the Latino population in the district in 2009. Latinos in the Bronx’s Community District 5, as a group, tend to be younger than most racial/ ethnic groups, with a mean age of 25 years. Among the major racial/ethnic groups, Latinos have the second lowest homeownership rate in the district (3.2%), after Asians (<1%). The annual median family and household incomes of the majority of the residents in the Bronx’s Community District 5 have increased since 1990, but not significantly. In 2009, Asians had the largest median incomes ($140,800). Among Latinos, Ecuadorians had the largest median family income ($44,000) and Mexicans had the largest median household income ($64,800). Asians achieved significantly higher educational attainment levels over all other racial/ethnic groups. Latinos had the lowest percentage of individuals with a Bachelor’s or higher degree (7.3%). Among Latinos, Dominicans had the highest percentage of people 25 years and older who had a B.A. or higher degree (8.1%). The percentage of foreign-born Latinos in the Bronx’s Community District 5 has risen since 1990, suggesting an increase in immigration.
Discussion: Bronx-based stakeholders and advocacy groups may find this report valuable when attempting to identify key trends and obstacles facing Latinos in these communities and better allocate time and resources.