Introduction: This report analyzes demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among the five largest Latino nationality groups during 1990-2007 in the NYC Community District 4 of the borough of Brooklyn, which comprise the neighborhood of Bushwick.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: Puerto Ricans are the largest Latino subgroup in Brooklyn’s Community District 4, accounting for over 22% of the total population and 32% of the Latino population in the district in 2007. Latinos in Brooklyn’s Community District 4, as a group, tend to be younger than other racial/ ethnic groups. Among the major racial/ethnic groups, Latinos have the second lowest homeownership rate in the district after non-Hispanic Whites. Asians and non-Hispanic Blacks had the highest median incomes. Among Latinos, Dominicans and Mexicans had the highest median incomes. Educational attainment levels differed significantly among the major racial/ethnic groups, with non-Hispanic Whites and Asians achieving significantly higher educational attainment levels over Latinos, which had the lowest percentage of individuals with a Bachelor’s or higher degree. Among Latinos, Dominicans had the highest percentage of people 25 years and older who had a B.A. or higher degree. The percentage of employed Latinos is comparable to that of the general population at about 66%. In 2007, Puerto Ricans had the lowest percentage of people age 16-60 employed. The percentage of foreign-born Latinos in Brooklyn’s Community District 4 has risen since 1990, suggesting an increase in immigration.
Discussion: Brooklyn-based stakeholders and advocacy groups may find this report valuable when attempting to identify key trends and obstacles facing Latinos in these communities and better allocate time and resources.
Rodriguez, A. (2009). Demographic, Economic, and Social Transformations in Brooklyn Community District 4: Bushwick, 1990 - 2007. L. Bergad (Ed.). New York, NY: Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies at the CUNY Graduate Center. Retrieved from http://clacls.gc.cuny.edu/files/2013/10/Demographic-Economic-and-Social-Transformations-in-Brooklyn.-Bushwick.pdf