Introduction: This report analyzes demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among the five largest Latino nationality groups during 1990-2005 in South Bronx, specifically the neighborhoods of Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, and Hunts Point.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: Puerto Ricans are the largest Latino subgroup in the South Bronx, accounting for over half of the total population by 2005 although their relative percentages have fallen from over 70% in 1990. Latinos in the South Bronx tend to be older than non-Hispanic Whites and non-Hispanic Blacks. The percentage of Latinos who are homeowners is comparable to that of non-Hispanic Whites. There are similar educational attainment levels among racial/ethnic groups, with the exception of Asians who have significantly higher educational attainment levels. Among Latinos, Hondurans and Ecuadorians have the highest percentage of people 25-years-old and over who have a BA degree or higher. Among the total population, the percentage of people employed has increased from 1990 to 2005 in the South Bronx, while the percentage of people unemployed and/or not in the labor force has decreased. Since 1990, Puerto Ricans have the lowest percentage of people age 16-60 who were employed.
Discussion: Bronx-based stakeholders and advocacy groups may find this report valuable when attempting to identify key trends and obstacles facing Latinos in these communities and better allocate time and resources.
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