Have Dominicans Surpassed Puerto Ricans to Become New York City’s Largest Latino Nationality? An Analysis of Latino Population Data from the 2013 American Community Survey for New York City and the Metropolitan Area
Introduction: This study examines three data sets from the recently released American Community Survey (ACS) of 2013 to estimate the population sizes of the largest Latino national sub groups in New York City and in the City’s surrounding counties.
Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.
Results: The data released by IPUMS in November 2014 from American Community Survey for 2013, and analyzed here, suggest a major shift in the composition of New York City’s Latino population. They indicate that Dominicans may have surpassed Puerto Ricans as the most numerous Latino national sub-group. Based on these PUMS data CLACLS has estimated that the Dominican population in 2013 numbered 747,473 compared with the City’s 719,444 Puerto Ricans.7 Data from the Census Bureau’s HISPAND variable and the CLACLS generated LATINOS variable on the City’s five largest Latino nationalities are presented within.
Discussion: If anything this examination of the three 2013 American Community Survey data sets indicates the difficulty of arriving at precise population estimates for subgroups of the population, such as Latino nationalities, in smaller geographical areas such as New York City and its surrounding counties. The surge in the Dominican population and the decline of the Puerto Rican population is part of a longer-term trend which began during the 1990s when the number of Puerto Ricans in the City began to decrease while Dominican migration increased significantly. IPUMS ACS data for each census year from 1990 through 2013 analyzed by CLACLS using the same methodology described previously indicate this very clearly.