Introduction: This report examines the Mexican origin population in New York City in 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015.
Methods: This report is based on US Census Bureau’s Public Use Microdata Series (PUMS) data for 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015 organized and released by IPUMS USA at the Minnesota Population Center of the University of Minnesota. The author is very thankful to Averi Giudicessi for providing research support and editorial assistance to complete this report.
Results: The Big Apple’s Mexican origin population increased consistently from approximately 195,000 in 2000 to 376,000 in 2015. Mexicans retained their position as the third largest Latino/a national subgroup in the City during these fifteen years. Domestic-born Mexicans are generally younger and more equally distributed by sex, whereas foreign-born Mexicans tend to be older with more men than women. The volume and share of Mexicans in the City who were US Naturalized Citizens more than doubled from 13,000 in 2000 to 30,000 in 2015. Meanwhile, the percentage of Mexicans who were not U.S. Citizens (i.e. those who could be Legal Permanent Residents, visa holders, and people with other immigrant status, including those unauthorized or undocumented) decreased significantly, from 60% to approximately 40%.
Discussion: Keeping in mind the groundbreaking work by Michael Piore from almost four decades ago, in which he highlighted the relevance of the US-based employers requiring immigrant workers, and therefore questioning the simple model of “push” and “pull” factors (i.e. supply and demand) in the study of labor migration, the estimates of this report show the gradual settlement of the Mexican immigrant population in New York City. Further data and research are required to understand how different immigrant groups and generations could be transforming from unexpected sojourners, or Birds of Passage engaged on transnational migration, into de facto residents, workers and parents raising American citizens