Introduction: This report examines the extent of gentrification in the New York City neighborhood of Jackson Heights/Corona – officially designated Queens Community District #3 -- traditionally one of the borough’s most quintessential Latino neighborhood.
Methods: The findings reported here are based on data collected by the Census Bureau IPUMS (Integrated Public Use Microdata Series), available at http://www.usa.ipums.org for the corresponding years and the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. This report analyzes data from PUMAS 05403 (1990) and 04102 (2000/2010/2016) in Queens.
Results: The Latino community of Jackson Heights/Corona is not being displaced in any meaningful way. On the contrary, while there has certainly been an increase in the number of wealthy non-Hispanic Whites over the last decade, as of 2016 the Latino community has grown considerably since 1990 and the total number of non-Hispanic Whites has decreased sharply. The total number of Latinos in Jackson Heights/Corona has almost doubled since 1990, and the ethnic makeup of the neighborhood’s Latino community has changed significantly. The neighborhood’s citizenship rates are also up since 1990, especially among the Dominican and Colombian populations, as are the percentage of Latinos who speak English “well or very well.”
Discussion: While there has certainly been an increase in the number of wealthy non-Hispanic Whites in the neighborhood over the last decade, the truth of it is that since 1990 the Latino community has expanded considerably and the total number of non-Hispanic Whites has decreased. Furthermore, the community seems to have gotten poorer, not richer, despite increased rates of educational attainment and employment.