Introduction: This report investigates where all Latinos lived in the New York City Metropolitan area, including the Northern Suburbs, Long Island, and selected New Jersey counties. The six largest Latino nationalities are mapped by census tract for a very precise visualization of the data.
This report uses one-year sample data for 2018 from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, and the 2014 – 2018 five-year sample data at the census-census tract level. The ACS dataset is reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota and is available at IPUMS USA (https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0) and IPMS NHGIS (http://doi.org/10.18128/D050.V14.0). The five-year sample data from the ACS 2014-2018 has recently been released by IPUMS. However, this report was written prior to the release of these data. In this report ancestry is defined by the respondent’s self-reported ancestry and Latino group.
In 1960, 86% of all Latinos lived in New York City. Showing the same pattern as that of European immigrants in the late 19th and early 20th century, Latinos first settled in the City and then moved to the surrounding counties as economic conditions improved. By 2018, 50% of Latinos lived in the City and the rest in the neighboring areas, 26% in New Jersey contiguous counties close to the City; 13% in Northern Suburban counties including Fairfield County, Connecticut; and 11% in Long Island. The Puerto Rican population was the largest in all of the counties, although Dominicans accounted for the greatest share of the City’s Latino population. Mexicans, Colombians, Ecuadorians and Salvadorans were the next largest nationalities in that order.
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