Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Women's and Gender Studies


Julia Wrigley

Subject Categories

African American Studies | Asian American Studies | Civic and Community Engagement | Gender and Sexuality | History of Gender | Place and Environment | Politics and Social Change | Race and Ethnicity | Sculpture | Tourism and Travel | Urban, Community and Regional Planning | Women's Studies


women, historical, commemoration, statues, memorials, urban planning


Women who made notable accomplishments are underrepresented in commemoration. Some American cities have brought women to the forefront of becoming visible through commemoration in statues. This thesis compares the commemoration of historical women in four different American cities. Stakeholders hold the key to implementing and changing public policy to increase the visibility of women and people of color in public monuments. Cities which lack representation of women and people of color may learn from and follow the efforts of a leading city to achieve lasting and effective change in representing those who historically been underrepresented.



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