Date of Degree

9-2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Program

Psychology

Advisor

Eric A Fertuck

Committee Members

Rachel Marsh

Denise Hien

Robert Melara

Lesia Ruglass

Subject Categories

Biological Psychology | Clinical Psychology | Cognitive Psychology | Health Psychology

Keywords

FMRI, Gambling, Inferior Frontal Gyrus (IFG), Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Self-regulatory control, Simon task

Abstract

Objective: Recent findings suggest phenomenological similarities across gambling and obsessive-compulsive disorders. The key similarity between the disorders is the failure to inhibit or control a repetitive behavior (or urges to engage in a behavior) and intrusive thoughts. Our current understanding of the neural pathophysiological mechanisms linking gambling and obsessive-compulsive disorders is limited. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the functioning of frontostriatal brain regions that support self-regulatory control in adults with gambling and obsessive-compulsive disorders.

Methods: The study compared functional magnetic resonance imaging blood oxygen level dependent response in 19 adults with pathological gambling (PG), 29 adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 34 healthy control participants (HC) during performance of a Simon Spatial Incompatibility task. Patterns of brain activation associated with correct responses to conflict stimuli were compared across the groups, and associations of activation and clinical characteristics were explored.

Results: Behavioral performance on the Simon task did not differ across the three groups, but group differences in conflict-related activations were observed. In contrast to HCs, PG participants showed conflict-related deactivation of the right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and amygdala, and OCD participants showed deactivation of the bilateral IFG, bilateral middle occipital gyri, bilateral cuneus, right amygdala, left hippocampus and left fusiform. Deactivation of right IFG was negatively associated with illness duration in the PG group. No significant differences in conflict-related activation between PG and OCD were detected.

Conclusion: Adults with gambling and obsessive-compulsive disorders displayed deactivation of right inferior frontal gyrus when engaging in control processes needed to resolve conflict. This finding suggests that deficient activation of top-down prefrontal regions may be a possible endophenotype for compulsivity across these disorders.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.