Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Liberal Studies


Martin J. Burke

Subject Categories

American Studies | Historic Preservation and Conservation | History | Liberal Studies | Public History | United States History


Archives, Archivist, Government, Records, Documents, American


This thesis is a study of the National Archives of the United States from the institution’s establishment in 1934 under the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt to becoming the National Archives and Record Administration in 1985. The Archives during the 1930’s and 1940’s functioned as an independent agency, until the Archives lost their independence under the Hoover Commission. In 1949 the Archives became part of the newly formed General Services Administration. During the 1950’s and 1960’s National Archives helped change the archival profession. Furthermore, we see how the two independence movements in the 1960’s and 1980’s that were ultimately successful in the restoration of the Archives status as an independent agency.

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