Date of Degree

2-2020

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Program

Latin American, Iberian and Latino Cultures

Advisor

Fernando Degiovanni

Committee Members

Magdalena Perkowska

Carlos Riobó

Subject Categories

Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Latin American Languages and Societies | Latin American Literature | Spanish Literature | Women's Studies

Keywords

violence during the internal military conflict in Perú, memory, identity, and the women body

Abstract

This dissertation examines literary and cinematographic works concerning the war between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the Peruvian Communist Party Shining Path (1980-2000) produced by contemporary women artists. In particular, it analyzes how these works reveal topics overlooked by the report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Peru (CVR) published on August 28, 2003. To do so, it studies the socio-political and cultural factors that contributed to the violation of human rights during the internal military conflict, especially of women, focusing on questions of memory, identity, and the body. The dissertation analyzes Rocío Silva Santisteban’s poetry collection Las hijas del terror (2005), Claudia Llosa’s film La teta asustada (2009), and Claudia Salazar Jiménez’s novel La sangre de la aurora (2013). All three works emphasize issues concerning women’s subjectivity and corporality, especially the repression and social trauma suffered by them in an authoritarian context. In them, women actively engage in the armed conflict from various locations and temporalities, and communicate their experiences of subordination and marginality against the violence they went through. They also report how their body was segregated by a policy of sexual objectification. Their perspective allows to question the patriarchal discourse prevalent in Peruvian society, and present an alternative version of the life experiences of women in search of gender justice.

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